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         Youth Q&A                               

  1. Name the ten Gurus of the Sikhs in the right order

     

    1. Guru Nanak Dev Ji  (1469 - 1539)
    2. Guru Angad Dev Ji  (1504 - 1552)
    3. Guru Amardas Ji  (1479 - 1574)
    4. Guru Ramdas Ji  (1534 - 1581)
    5. Guru Arjan Dev Ji  (1563 - 1606)
    6. Guru Hargobind Ji  (1595 - 1644)
    7. Guru Har Rai Ji  (1630 - 1661)
    8. Guru Harkrishan Ji  (1556 - 1664)
    9. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji  (1621 - 1675)
    10. Guru Gobind Singh Ji  (1666 - 1708)

     

  2. Name the present Guru of the Sikhs

    Guru Granth Sahib Ji

     

  3. Who were the four Sahibzadas ?

    They were the sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

     

  4. Name the four Sahibzadas

     

    1. Baba Ajit Singh Ji  (1687 - 1704)
    2. Baba Jujhar Singh Ji  (1689 - 1704)
    3. Baba Zorawar Singh Ji  (1696 - 1704)
    4. Baba Fateh Singh Ji  (1698 - 1704)

     

  5. Who was the eldest Sahibzada ?

    Baba Ajit Singh Ji

     

  6. Who was the youngest Sahibzada ?

    Baba Fateh Singh Ji

     

  7. Name the first 'Panj Pyaras' (The five beloved ones)

     

    1. Bhai Daya Singh Ji
    2. Bhai Dharam Singh Ji
    3. Bhai Mohkkam Singh Ji
    4. Bhai Himmat Singh Ji
    5. Bhai Sahib Singh Ji

     

  8. Name the five 'K's that every Sikh must always possess

     

    1. Kes (unshorn hair)
    2. Kangha (comb)
    3. Kirpan (knife / sword)
    4. Kaccha (short breeches)
    5. Kara (wrist band / bangle)

     

     

  9. Who is the father of all Sikhs (Khalsas) ?

    Guru Gobind Singh Ji

     

  10. Who is the mother of all Sikhs (Khalsas) ?

    Mata Sahib Kaur Ji

     

  11. What is the native place of all Sikhs (Khalsas) ?

    Anandpur Sahib

     

  12. What is the Sikh Salutation ?

    Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa
    Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh

     

  13. Who first compiled the Guru Granth Sahib (The Adi Granth) ?

    Guru Arjan Dev Ji

     

  14. How many pages does Guru Granth Sahib contain ?

    1430 Pages

     

  15. Where is the original copy of Guru Granth Sahib placed ?

    At Kartarpur

     

  16. Which Guru is related to 'MIRI-PIRI' ?

    Guru Hargobind Ji

     

  17. Which Guru was seated on a red-hot iron plate ?

    Guru Arjan Dev Ji

     

  18. Which Guru was beheaded ?

    Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

     

  19. Which Guru formalised the concept of the shared meal into 'Guru-Ka-Langar' ?

    Guru Amardas Ji

     

  20. Which Guru started the formal teaching of the 'Gurmukhi' script ?

    Guru Angad Dev Ji

     

  21. What is the literal meaning of the word 'Sikh' ?

    Disciple

     

  22. What is the literal meaning of the word 'Singh' ?

    Lion

     

  23. What is the literal meaning of the word 'Kaur' ?

    Princess

     

  24. What is 'SIMARAN' ?

    Contemplation of the Almighty God

     

  25. What is the ceremony of Sikh marriage called ?

    Anand Karaj

     

  26. How many 'Lawans' are recited during the Sikh marriage ?

    Four

     

  27. Name the five prayers that comprise 'NITNEM' the daily prayer of the Sikhs (according to the SGPC Rehat Maryada)

    1. Japji Sahib    Morning (Dawn - Amrit Wela)

    2. Jaap Sahib

    3. Sawaiye        Evening (Dusk)

    4. Rehras Sahib which comprises Sodar, Choupai Sahib and Six (first 5 and 40th) Pauris of Anand Sahib            

    5. (Kirtan) Sohaila    Night (Before sleeping)

     

     

  28. Which of the 'Baanis' of 'Nitnem' are not included in Guru Granth Sahib, but are taken from the 'Dasham Granth' ?

     

    1. Jaap Sahib
    2. Sawaye
    3. Choupai Sahib (included in Rehras Sahib)

     

  29. Name the 'Five Takhts' of the Sikhs

     

    1. Akal Takht, Amritsar
    2. Harmandir Sahib, Patna (also known as Patna Sahib)
    3. Kesgarh Sahib, Anandpur
    4. Hazur Sahib, Nander
    5. Damdama Sahib, Talwandi Sabo (Bhatinda)

     

  30. When was Guru Nanak Dev Ji born & where ?

    April 15, 1469 A.D. in Talwandi (now in Pakistan - Nankana Sahib)

     

  31. Which Guru established the first Gurdwara ? Where & when ?

    Guru Nanak Dev Ji at Kartarpur in 1521 A.D.

     

  32. Name the parents of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

    Father : Mehta Kalu Ji
    Mother : Mata Tripta Ji

     

  33. Name the Muslim who accompanied Guru Nanak Dev Ji with a rebeck (a musical instrument invented by himself).

    Bhai Mardana Ji.

     

  34. Who were Nanaki & Jai Ram ?

    Nanaki was Guru Nanak Dev Ji's sister & Jai Ram was her husband.

     

  35. Name the wife of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

    Mata Sulakhani Ji

     

  36. Name the sons of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

    Baba Sri Chand Ji
    Baba Lakhmi Das Ji.

     

  37. When and where did Guru Nanak Dev Ji become 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) ?

    In 1539 at Kartarpur

     

  38. How old was Guru Nanak Dev Ji when he passed away and transferred the 'Divine Light' over to Guru Angad Dev Ji ?

    Seventy Years

     

  39. In which year was Guru Angad Dev Ji born ?

    In 1504 A.D.

     

  40. What was the original name of Guru Angad Dev Ji ?

    Bhai Lehna

     

  41. Name the father of Bhai Lehna Ji ?

    Bhai Pheru

     

  42. Who was Mata Kheevi Ji ?

    She was the wife of Guru Angad Dev Ji.
    She is the only woman in Sikh History whose name has been mentioned in Guru Granth Sahib Ji.

     

  43. Name the children of Guru Angad Dev Ji.

    2 sons: Bhai Datu and Bhai Dasu
    1 daughter: Bibi Amro

     

  44. In what year was Guru Angad Dev Ji appointed as Guru ?

    1539 A.D.

     

  45. What place did Guru Angad Dev Ji stay at during the years that Guru Amardas Ji served him ?

    Khadur Sahib

     

  46. How old was Guru Amardas Ji when he met Guru Angad Dev Ji ?

    61 years old

     

  47. For how many years did Guru Amardas Ji serve Guru Angad Dev Ji ?

    12 Years

     

  48. What was the name of the river that Guru Amardas Ji walked to to get water for Guru Angad Dev Ji's bath ?

    River Beas, four miles away from Khadur Sahib.

     

  49. When did Guru Angad Dev Ji become 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) ?

    In 1552 A.D.

     

  50. When was Guru Amardas Ji born ?

    In 1479 A.D.

     

  51. Name the parents of Guru Amardas Ji.

    Bhai Tej Bhan and Mata Lakhmi

     

  52. Name the wife of Guru Amardas Ji.

    Bibi Mansa Devi

     

  53. Name the children of Guru Amardas Ji.

    2 sons: Baba Mohan and Baba Mohri
    2 daughters: Bibi Dani and Bibi Bhani

     

  54. Who was Bibi Amro Ji ?

    She was the daughter of Guru Angad Dev Ji and daughter-in-law of the brother of Guru Amardas Ji.

     

  55. Where did Guru Amardas Ji settle down and when was he appointed as Guru ?

    Goindwal, 1552 A.D.

     

  56. Name the eldest son of Guru Angad Dev Ji who struck Guru Amardas Ji with his foot when Guru Ji was seated on Gurgaddi (Guru's seat).

    Bhai Datu

     

  57. What is a baoli ?

    A well.

     

  58. When was the Baoli (well) with 84 steps completed by Guru Amardas Ji in Goindval ?

    In 1559 A.D.

     

  59. Which Guru came up with the Anand Marriage ceremony ?

    Guru Amardas Ji.

     

  60. In which year did Guru Amardas Ji become 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) ?

    In 1574 A.D.

     

  61. Who was the most long-lived Guru ?

    Guru Amardas Ji.

     

  62. In which year was Guru Ramdas Ji born ?

    In 1534 A.D.

     

  63. Name the parents of Guru Ramdas Ji.

    Hari Das and Anup Devi (some books list Daya Kaur as the mother)

     

  64. What was Guru Ramdas Ji's wife's name ?

    Bibi Bhani Ji. (Daughter of Guru Amardas Ji.)

     

  65. What was the original name of Guru Ramdas Ji ?

    Bhai Jetha

     

  66. Name the three sons of Guru Ramdas Ji.

    Prithi Chand (eldest)
    Mahadeo
    Arjan Mal (later became Guru Arjan Dev Ji)

     

  67. When and where did Guru Ramdas Ji become 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) ?

    In 1581 A.D. at Goindval.

     

  68. In which year was Guru Arjan Dev Ji born ?

    In 1563 A.D.

     

  69. What was Guru Arjan Dev Ji's wife's name ?

    Mata Ganga Ji

     

  70. Name the only son of Guru Arjan Dev Ji.

    Hargobind

     

  71. Name the son of Prithi Chand.

    Meharban.

     

  72. Which guru taught obedience to Satta and Balwand when they struck work ?

    Guru Arjan Dev Ji.

     

  73. Where & when did Guru Arjan Dev Ji achieve martyrdom ?

    In Lahore on May 25, 1606 A.D.

     

  74. Name the Gurdwara, now in Pakistan, where Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred.

    Dehra Sahib

     

  75. In which year was Guru Hargobind Ji born ?

    In 1595 A.D.

     

  76. Name the fortification that Guru Hargobind Ji put up in Amritsar.

    Lohgarh.

     

  77. What do you mean by Akal Takht ?

    Throne of the Almighty.

     

  78. Who built the Akal Takht ?

    Guru Hargobind Ji

     

  79. When did Guru Hargobind Ji build Akal Takht in Amritsar ?

    In 1609 A.D.

     

  80. Where was Guru Hargobind Ji sent as a state prisoner ?

    Fort of Gwalior.

     

  81. How many princes who were already imprisoned in the Fort of Gwalior were freed with Guru Hargobind Ji ?

    52.

     

  82. Guru Hargobind Ji donned the sword as a twin symbol of two powers. Name them.

    Miri (Military or Temporal Power) & Piri (Spiritual Power).

     

  83. Name the wife of Guru Hargobind Ji ?

    Bibi Nanaki

     

  84. How many sons did Guru Hargobind Ji have ? Name them.

    He had Five Sons. They were :

    1. Baba Gurditta (Father of Guru Harrai)
    2. Baba Atal
    3. (Guru) Tegh Bahadur
    4. Ani Rai
    5. Surat Mal.

     

  85. In which year did Guru Hargobind Ji become 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) ?

    In 1644 A.D.

     

  86. In which year and where was Guru Har Rai Ji born ?

    In 1630 A.D. at Kiratpur.

     

  87. Name the father of Guru Har Rai Ji.

    Baba Gurditta Ji.

     

  88. Name the brother of Guru Har Rai Ji.

    Dhir Mal.

     

  89. Name the wife of Guru Har Rai Ji.

    Krishan Kaur

     

  90. How many sons did Guru Har Rai Ji have ? Name them.

    He had Two sons. They were :

    1. Ram Rai
    2. (Guru) Harkrishan

     

  91. In which year did Guru Har Rai Ji become 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) ?

    1661 A.D.

     

  92. In which year was Guru Harkrishan Ji born ?

    1656 A.D.

     

  93. How old was Guru Harkrishan Ji when he received the Guruship ?

    5 (five) years old

     

  94. Which Gurdwara stands at the place of Mirza Raja Jai Singh's bungalow where Guru Harkrishan Ji stayed when he came to Delhi ?

    Gurdwara Bangla Sahib.

     

  95. In which year did Guru Harkrishan Ji become 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) ?

    1664 A.D.

     

  96. How old was Guru Harkrishan Ji when he became 'Joti Jot' ?

    8 (eight) years old

     

  97. Which Gurdwara stands at the place where Guru Harkrishan Ji's body was cremated after he became 'Joti Jot' ?

    Gurdwara Bala Sahib.

     

  98. In which year and where was Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji born ?

    In 1621 A.D. at Amritsar.

     

  99. What was Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji's wife's name ?

    Mata Gujri Ji

     

  100. How many children did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji have ? Name them.

    One son. Gobind Rai later became Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

     

  101. What were the last words of Guru Harkrishan Ji announcing the next Guru ?

    "Baba Bakale", which meant that his successor would be found at village of Bakala

     

  102. How many members of the Sodhi family gathered at the village of Bakala claiming that they were the Guru and successor as named by Guru Harkrishan Ji ?

    22 (twenty two)

     

  103. Who found out the true Guru in Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and proclaimed him to the world ?

    Bhai Makhan Shah

     

  104. What did Bhai Makhan Shah pledge to offer to the Guru if his ship reached home safely ?

    500 (five hundred) gold coins

     

  105. Name the leader of the delegation of 500 Kashmiri brahmins that came to Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji for help.

    Pandit Kirpa Ram (later became the Sanskrit teacher of Guru Gobind Singh and eventually became a Khalsa and died fighting in the battle of Chamkaur.)

     

  106. How old was Gobind Rai (Guru Gobind Singh) then ?

    9 (nine) years old

     

  107. Where & when did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji achieve martyrdom ?

    In Delhi on November 11, 1675 A.D.

     

  108. Which Gurdwara stands at the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was beheaded ?

    Gurdwara Sis Ganj, Chandni Chowk, Delhi

     

  109. Who cremated Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji's body after he was beheaded ?

    Bhai Lakhi Shah.

     

  110. Which Gurdwara stands at the place where the body of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was cremated after beheading ?

    Gurdwara Rakab Ganj, Delhi

     

  111. Who took Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji's head to Anandpur ?

    Bhai Jaita Ji.

     

  112. Which Gurdwara stands at the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji's head was cremated ?

    Gurdwara Sis Ganj, Anandpur

     

  113. Who built Gurdwara Rakab Ganj and Gurdwara Sis Ganj in Delhi ?

    Sardar Baghel Singh in 1790 A.D.

     

  114. When was Guru Gobind Singh Ji born & where ?

    December 22, 1666 A.D. in Patna.

     

  115. In which year did Guru Gobind Singh Ji become 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) ?

    In 1708 A.D.

     

  116. What is the Sikh Community called ?

    Khalsa Panth

     

  117. When & where was the Khalsa Panth created ?

    It was created on the day of Vaisakhi of the year 1699 at Kesgarh Sahib by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

     

  118. How much of his income must every Sikh contribute for religious purposes ?

    One-Tenth (called DASWAND)

     

  119. Who got the tank excavated (dug out) in Amritsar ?

    Guru Ramdas Ji

     

  120. Who built Harmandir Sahib (The Golden Temple) and gave a central place of worship to the Sikhs ?

    Guru Arjan Dev Ji

     

  121. Who placed the sheets of copper gilt on Harmandir Sahib ?

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh

     

  122. When was Guru Granth Sahib installed in Harmandir Sahib ?

    1604 A.D.

     

  123. Who was appointed the first Granthi of Guru Granth Sahib ?

    Baba Buddha Ji

     

  124. What were Guru Nanak Dev Ji's travels called ?

    Udaasis

     

  125. During his travels, Guru Nanak Dev Ji went to Sayyadpur (now called Eminabad) and stayed at a carpenter's house (considered of low caste according to the Hindu caste system). Name the carpenter.

    Laalo

     

  126. Who was the (high caste) local official there whose feast Guru Nanak Dev Ji rejected ?

    Malik Bhaago

     

  127. Where was the first missionary center (Manji) established by Guru Nanak Dev Ji ?

    The first 'Manji' was established at Bhai Laalo's house to spread Sikhism in Northern Punjab

     

  128. Name the mountains where Guru Nanak Dev Ji met the renowned 'Sidhas'.

    Kailash Parbat (also called Sumer Parbat)

     

  129. What was the abode of the Jogis (Yogis) of Gorakhnath clan called ?

    Gorakhmata (later became known as Nanakmata)

     

  130. Name the Pandit that Guru Nanak Dev Ji met during his stay at Benaras (Varanasi).

    Pandit Chatur Das

     

  131. Name the cannibal that Guru Nanak Dev Ji met during his travel through the wilderness of Assam.

    Kauda Rakhshash

     

  132. During his travels, whom did Guru Nanak Dev Ji meet at Sangladeep (Ceylon) ?

    Raja Shiv Nabh

     

  133. Who was the founder of the Mughal dynasty in India ?

    Babar

     

  134. Name the reigning Mughal ruler during Guru Nanak Dev Ji's time.

    Babar

     

  135. What are the four hymns by Guru Nanak alluding to the invasions by Babar (1483- 1530 A.D.) collectively known as in Sikh literature ?

    Babarvani (Guru Nanak described the atrocities of Babar and his men in Punjab)

     

  136. Where was Guru Nanak taken captive during Babar's invasion ?

    Sayyadpur, now called Eminabad, in Gujranwala district of Pakistan

     

  137. Name the Gurdwara, now in Pakistan, where Vali Kandhari's ego was broken.

    Panja Sahib

     

  138. Who was Humayun, and why was he visiting Guru Angad Dev Ji ?

    Humayun was Babar's son. Having been defeated by Sher Shah, he was fleeing India via Lahore and hearing the repute of Guru Angad Dev Ji, came to call upon him at Khadur for his blessings, with a good number of presents

     

  139. What were Guru Angad Dev Ji's predictions about Humayun's future ?

    Though his path may be arduous and long, he would win back the throne of Hindustan

     

  140. Who established the system of preachers called 'masands' ?

    Guru Amardas Ji

     

  141. In which year did Emperor Akbar visit Guru Amardas Ji ?

    1567 A.D.

     

  142. Why did Guru Amardas Ji refuse Emperor Akbar's offering of village revenues for the Guru-ka-langar ?

    Kitchen must be self supporting and depend only on the small offerings of the devout.

     

  143. What did one have to do before he was allowed to see Guru Amardas Ji ?

    They had to partake Guru-ka-langar

     

  144. What were the three special days declared by Guru Amardas Ji when all the Sikhs were supposed to gather to hear the Guru's words ?

    Baisakhi (April 13), Maghi (1st day of Magha, mid January) and Diwali (festival of lights in October/November)

     

  145. Guru Amardas Ji opposed the practice of Purdah. What is Purdah ?

    The veiling of women

     

  146. Guru Amardas Ji opposed the practice of Sati. What is Sati ?

    The practice of burning the widow on her husbands funeral pyre is called Sati. When the husband died, the wife either voluntarily burnt herself on the pyre of her husband or was thrown into the fire without her consent. In popular term the woman who did perform this act was called Sati (truthful).

     

  147. How many missionaries ('masands') did Guru Amardas Ji train and sent out to various places ? Out of these, how many were women ?

    Guru Amardas Ji trained and sent out 146 missionaries, out of which 52 were women. (Note: At one time, the country of Afghanistan and Kashmir were under the jurisdiction of women masands.)

     

  148. Which Guru initiated Bhai Gurdas Ji into Sikhism ?

    Guru Ramdas Ji

     

  149. In which year was the first construction of Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) completed ?

    1589 A.D.

     

  150. Whom did Guru Arjan Dev Ji get the Adi Granth written from ?

    Bhai Gurdas Ji

     

  151. Under the rule of which Mughal Emperor was Guru Arjan Dev Ji made to sit on a red-hot iron plate ?

    Jehangir

     

  152. What did Guru Arjan Dev Ji say as he was undergoing the cruel torture ordered by Emperor Jehangir ?

    Teraa Kiaa Mithaa Laagai, Har Naam Padaarth Nanak Maangai
    (Sweet is thy will my Lord; Thy Grace alone I beseech.)

     

  153. Which Guru is entitled 'Shahidaan De Sirtaj' ?

    Guru Arjan Dev Ji

     

  154. What started the conflict that resulted in the first battle between Emperor Shah Jahan and Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ?

    The Emperor's favorite hunting hawk flew into the Guru's camp. When the Emperor's soldiers came to reclaim the hawk, a brief skirmish ensued and the hawk was not returned. The Emperor was so enraged that he sent an army of 7000 cavalry under the command of his general Mukhlis Khan to recover both the hawk and capture the Guru for his insolence. In the ensuing battle the Gurus forces emerged victorious after the Guru killed Mukhlis Khan in single combat with his sword. This battle took place in 1634. This battle marked a turning point as the Sikhs now turned militant under mughal persecution.

     

  155. How many battles did Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji fight against the attacking Mughal armies of Shah Jahan ?

    Six battles

     

  156. Out of all the battles the sixth Guru fought in, how many did he win ?

    Six battles won

     

  157. Why did Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji build the Akaal Takhat directly across from Harmandar Sahib ?

    To represent the unity of spiritual and secular (military) affairs. Akaal Takhat (miri) was complimentary to Harmandar Sahib (piri)

     

  158. Who were the two masands of Kaabul who were bringing two choice steeds (horses) of high pedigree to Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ?

    Bakht Mal and Tara Chand

     

  159. Name the reigning Mughal rulers during Guru Hargobind Ji's time.

    Jehangir and Shah Jahan

     

  160. Name the person who recovered the Kabul horses from the Mughals.

    Bhai Bidhi Chand. (The horses belonged to a Sikh who was bringing them from Kabul as an offering for Guru Hargobind Ji, but they were seized on the way by the Mughals. Bidhi Chand recovered the first horse disguised as a hay-seller, and the second disguised as an astrologer.)

     

  161. What were the names of two horses that Bidhi Chand rescued from the stables of the governor of Lahore ?

    Dilbaag and Gulbaag

     

  162. Who was punished for misinterpreting Gurbani before Aurangzeb ?

    Ram Rai, son of Guru Harrai Ji.

     

  163. What was the relationship between Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb ?

    Jehangir was Akbar's son, Shah Jahan's father and Aurangzeb's grandfather.
    (Akbar -->Jehangir -->Shah Jahan -->Aurangzeb)

     

  164. Who denied Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji entry to the Golden Temple ?

    The Sodhi Mahants

     

  165. At Kamrup (Assam), which two forces made a compromise brought about by Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji ?

    The forces of Raja Ram Singh (a Rajput General of Aurangzeb who led an expedition against Assam) and Ahom King (the local King)

     

  166. Where did Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji get a huge mound built in memory of Guru Nanak's visit to that place ?

    Dhubri

     

  167. Which Mughal Emperor ordered Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji to be beheaded at Chandni Chowk, Delhi ?

    Aurangzeb

     

  168. Who were the other three arrested alongwith Guru Tegh Bahadur by order of Aurangzeb ?

     

    1. Bhai Mati Das
    2. Bhai Sati Das
    3. Bhai Dayala

     

  169. Which one of these three was the first one to be martyred ?

    Bhai Mati Das

     

  170. How were these three martyred ?

     

    1. Bhai Mati Das: Sawn into two halves
    2. Bhai Sati Das: Burnt in cotton wrapped around his body
    3. Bhai Dayala: Boiled in hot water

     

  171. Which Guru is entitled 'Hind Di Chadar' ?

    Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

     

  172. Which battle was fought between Guru Gobind Singh Ji and the hill chiefs ?

    The Battle of Bhangani was fought in 1689 between Guru Gobind Singh Ji and the hill chiefs led by Raja Bhim Chand of Bilaspur. The hill chiefs received a crushing defeat at the hands of the Guru.

     

  173. Name the cities founded by all the Gurus.

    Guru Nanak Dev Ji: Kartarpur
    Guru Angad Dev Ji: Khadur Sahib
    Guru Amardas Ji: Goindval Sahib
    Guru Ramdas Ji: Amritsar
    Guru Arjan Dev Ji: TarnTaran, Kartarpur (Jullunder), Hargobindpur
    Guru Hargobind Ji: Kiratpur, Mehrey
    Guru Har Rai Ji: Bagat and Chiryaghar of Kiratpur
    Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji: Anandpur (originally known as Chak Nanaki)
    Guru Gobind Singh Ji: Paonta Sahib, Damdama Sahib

     

  174. Name the six forts of Anandpur.

    Anandgarh
    Lohgarh
    Fatehgarh
    Holgarh
    Kesgarh
    Nirmohgarh

     

  175. Where did the battle take place where Guru Gobind Singh Ji's Pathans left him at a very critical point ?

    Bhangaani

     

  176. When and where did Guru Gobind Singh Ji separate from his mother and two younger sons before going to the fort of Anandpur ?

    December 20, 1704, at Sirsa river

     

  177. Who betrayed Mata Gujri Ji and the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh to the Nawab of Sirhind ?

    Gangu Brahmin

     

  178. What happened to the man who betrayed the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji to the Nawab of Sirhind ?

    He was tortured to death for not revealing where the stolen valuables of Mata Gujri Ji were

     

  179. Where were Mata Gujri Ji and the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh kept after being imprisoned ?

    Saman Burj (tower), Sirhind

     

  180. Name the person who brought milk for Mata Gujri Ji and the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji while they were in prison.

    Moti Ram

     

  181. From which fort did the Panj Pyare (5 chosen ones) order Guru Gobind Singh to leave for his safety ?

    Fort of Chamkaur

     

  182. Name the two Pathans who helped Guru Gobind Singh Ji march through the Mughal camp ?

    Nabi Khaan and Gani Khaan

     

  183. Name the Sahibzadas who were bricked alive.

     

    1. Baba Fateh Singh Ji
    2. Baba Zorawar Singh Ji

     

  184. Name the Sahibzadas who achieved martyrdom in the battlefield of Chamkaur

     

    1. Baba Ajit Singh Ji
    2. Baba Jujhar Singh Ji

     

  185. Name the Gurdwara that stands at the place where the younger Sahibzadas were bricked alive.

    Fatehgarh Sahib (Fort of Victory)

     

  186. When did Guru Gobind Singh Ji receive the news of the martyrdom of the younger Sahibzadas ?

    While he was in Lakhi Jungle (forest)

     

  187. What was his prophecy there ?

    On hearing the news, he pulled a shrub from its roots with his arrow and said: "thus will this tyrannous rule be destroyed, root and branch. The city of Sirhind will be completely ruined, brick clashing with brick."

     

  188. What is the significance of Patna Sahib (one of the 5 Takhts) ?

    It is the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

     

  189. What is the significance of Kesgarh Sahib (one of the 5 Takhts) ?

    Khalsa Panth was created here on Vaisakhi of 1699 A.D. by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

     

  190. What is the significance of Damdama Sahib (one of the 5 Takhts) ?

     

    1. Guru Gobind Singh Ji got the full Paath of Guru Granth Sahib written here.
    2. It was called 'Guru Ki Kashi' by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

     

  191. What does 'Damdama' mean ?

    Resting place.

     

  192. Whom did Guru Gobind Singh Ji dictate the Guru Granth Sahib to ?

    Bhai Mani Singh Ji

     

  193. What is the significance of Hazur Sahib (one of the 5 Takhts) ?

    Guru Gobind Singh Ji became 'Joti Jot' (immersed in the Eternal Light) here in 1708 A.D.

     

  194. Who built Hazur Sahib ?

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh

     

  195. On the banks of which river is Hazur Sahib situated ?

    River Godavari

     

  196. Who built Harmandir Sahib, Patna (Patna Sahib) ?

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh

     

  197. How many Gurus did Baba Buddha serve ?

    Six

     

  198. Guru Granth Sahib contains the compositions of how many Gurus ?

    Six Gurus : First Five Gurus & the Ninth Guru.

     

  199. When did Guru Granth Sahib get 'Guru Gaddi' (Guruship) ?

    October 3, 1708 A.D.

     

  200. Name the five deadly sins (enemies of man).

     

    1. Kam (Lust, fornication)
    2. Krodh (Anger, wrath)
    3. Lobh (Greed, hoarding)
    4. Moh (Worldly attachment)
    5. Ahankar (Conceit, egoism, pride)

     

  201. What are the virtuous counterparts of these five sins ?

     

    1. Self Control of Kam
    2. Forgiveness of Krodh
    3. Contentment of Lobh
    4. Love of God of Moh
    5. Humility of Ahankar

     

  202. What are the four main misdeeds ('Kurahats') prohibited for a Sikh?

     

    1. Shaving or cutting of hair
    2. Eating Kuttha meat
    3. Adultery
    4. Use of tobacco or any other intoxicant.

     

  203. In the battle of Anandpur Sahib, who gave water to all dying soldiers irrespective of whether they were Sikhs or Muslims ?

    Bhai Kanhaiya (later became Kanhaiya Singh)

     

  204. Name Ten historic Gurdwaras in Pakistan.

     

    1. Nankana Sahib
    2. Dehra Sahib
    3. Panja Sahib
    4. Chhevin Patshai
    5. Sacha Soda
    6. Maal Ji Sahib
    7. Bal Leela
    8. Kyara Sahib
    9. Tambu Sahib
    10. Pati Sahib

     

  205. How high is the tower of Baba Atal (in Amritsar) and what is the significance of its height ?

    It is 9 stories high because Baba Atal was only nine years old when he passed away.

     

  206. Name the five 'sarovars' of Amritsar.

    Amritsar
    Kolsar
    Santokhsar
    Bibeksar
    Ramsar

     

  207. Where are the descendants of Mardana found ?

    In Ramdas, the city of Baba Buddha, and are called Rababies or the people of Rebeck.

     

  208. Who was Bhai Gurdas ?

    He was the nephew (son of younger brother) of Guru Amardas Ji. He was one of the most learned Sikhs and his writings are still respected by Sikhs. The copy of Guru Granth Sahib at Kartarpur is written in his hand.

     

  209. Where has the starting 'Pauri' of 'Ardas' i.e. from 'Sri Bhagauti Ji Sahay ...to... Sab thain hoe sahay' taken from ?

    It is the first 'Pauri' of 'Bhagauti Ki Vaar' (or 'Chandi Vaar') taken from the 'Dasham Granth' and appears after 'Chandi Charitran'.

     

  210. Who were the 'Chaali Mukte' i.e. the forty freed ones referred to in the Sikh 'Ardas' ?

    They were those forty Sikhs who first denied Guru Gobind Singh Ji to be their Guru and later on got martyred for his sake fighting near the lake of Khidrana, also called Isharsar, on 29 December, 1705 after realising their mistake. Guru Gobind Singh blessed them as Chali Mukte, the Forty Immortals. After them Khidrana became Muktsar - the Pool of Liberation.(NOTE : Some writers also refer the forty Sikhs who got killed in 'Chamkaur Di Gari' while facing an army of one million as the 'Chaali Mukte')

     

  211. Name the leader of the 'Chaali' (40) Mukte who fought for Guru Gobind Singh Ji in Muktsar.

    Bhai Maha Singh Ji.

     

  212. Who was Mai Bhago Ji ?

    Mai Bhago Ji led the forty Sikhs (Chaali Mukte) back to Guru Gobind Singh Ji. She had also suffered injury in the battle. Guru Gobind Singh Ji took her in his care and there after she stayed on with Guru Gobind Singh as one of his bodyguard, in male attire. After the death of Guru Gobind Singh at Nanded in 1708, she retired further south. She settled down at Jinvara, 11 km from Bidar in Karnataka where, immersed in meditation, she lived to attain a ripe old age. Her hut in Jinvara has now been converted into Gurdwara Tap Asthan Mai Bhago.

     

  213. Which famous Sikh martyr was one of the 52 'Darbari kavis' (poets) of Guru Gobind Singh Ji ?

    Bhai Mani Singh Ji

     

  214. How many immediate family members of Bhai Mani Singh got martyred for Sikh Panth ?

    21 (Twenty One) : 11 brothers and 10 sons.

     

  215. Referring to the daily Sikh 'Ardas' where the various Sikh martyrs are remembered, write the type of martyrdom that the following Sikhs underwent :

     

    1. Bhai Mati Das: Sawn into two pieces (Aariyaan naal cheere gaye)
    2. Bhai Mani Singh: Body was cut at each joint (Band band kataye)
    3. Bhai Taru Singh: Put between two wheels and his limbs were crushed. While half dead, his skull was cut. (Khopariaan utarwaiyaan)
    4. Bhai Shahbaz Singh: He and his father (Subeg Singh) were crushed on the wheel. (Charakhariyaan te chare)

     

  216. Who wrote the 'Zaffarnama' ?

    Guru Gobind Singh Ji wrote it in Persian to Aurangzeb.

     

  217. After which Guru were the subsequent Gurus family- related ?

    After Guru Amardas Ji

     

  218. Write the inter-family relationships of the Gurus after Guru Amardas.

     

    1. Guru Ramdas Ji was the son-in-law of Guru Amardas Ji
    2. Guru Arjan Dev Ji was the son of Guru Ramdas Ji
    3. Guru Hargobind Ji was the son of Guru Arjan Dev Ji
    4. Guru Harrai Ji was the grandson of Guru Hargobind Ji
    5. Guru Harkrishan Ji was the son of Guru Harrai Ji
    6. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was the son of Guru Hargobind Ji
    7. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji.

     

  219. How was Bhai Gurdas Ji a relative of Guru Arjan Dev Ji ?

    Bhai Gurdas Ji was the cousin brother of Bibi Bhaani Ji, who was the daughter of Guru Amardass Ji, wife of Guru Ramdas Ji, and mother of Guru Arjan Dev Ji

     

  220. How old was Baba Budha Ji when he passed away in 1631 ?

    125 years old

     

  221. In what year did Bhai Nandlaal Goyaa go to Anandpur Sahib to pay homage to Guru Gobind Singh Ji ?

    1682

     

  222. Who were the poems of Bhai Nandlaal Goyaa about ?

    Guru Gobind Singh Ji

     

  223. How many sons did Peer Budhu Shah have? How many of them died in a battle for Guru Gobind Singh ?

    He had four sons, two of which died in battle

     

  224. What did Guru Gobind Singh Ji give to Peer Budhu Shah in remembrance of services rendered in the battle at Bhangaani ?

    A kanga with some of his broken hair, a kirpan (sword) and a turban

     

  225. Who was always boasting about his bravery to Guru Gobind Singh Ji ?

    Bhai Dalla

     

  226. Who were the two people at Morind who were responsible for betraying the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji ?

    Jaani Khaan and Maani Khaan

     

  227. At the battle of Anandpur, who cut off the head of Raja Kesari Chand ?

    Bhai Ude Singh

     

  228. What was the name of the Sikh who drove a spear into the elephant's head at the battle of Anandpur ?

    Bhai Bachittar Singh

     

  229. Where did Raja Gummand Chand die ?

    Battle of Anandpur Sahib

     

  230. In what year was Banda Singh Bahadur born ?

    1670 A.D.

     

  231. What was the original name of Banda Bahadur ?

    Madho Das Bairagi (Lachhman Das in childhood)

     

  232. Who did Guru Gobind Singh Ji nominate as the first Jathedar of the Khalsa Panth ?

    Banda Singh Bahadur

     

  233. At a Darbar held at Nander in September, 1708, Guru Gobind Singh Ji conferred the title of Bahadur on Banda and invested him with full political and military authority as his deputy to carry on the national struggle in the Punjab and to punish Wazir Khan of Sarhind and his supporters. What was Banda Singh Bahadur supplied with for this mission ?

     

    1. He was supplied with a standard arrow and a drum as symbols of temporal authority
    2. An advisory council of five devoted Khalsas
    3. Twenty five soldiers as his bodyguard
    4. A prescript called Hukumnamah or a letter of authority in the handwriting of the Guru instructing Sikhs to join Banda Bahadur in his national war against Mughal tyranny
    5. As an insignia of his temporal authority invested in him, Guru gave Banda Bahadur his own sword, green bow and Five arrows from his quiver
    6. Three hundred Sikh cavaliers in battle array accompanied Banda to a distance of eight kilometers to give him final send off

     

  234. Banda Singh Bahadur was given an advisory council of five devoted Khalsas. Name the five Sikhs.

    Baaj Singh (a descendant of the family of Guru Amar Das Ji), his brother Ram Singh, Binod Singh (who descended from Guru Angad Dev Ji), his son Kahan Singh and Fateh Singh.

     

  235. Who abolished the Zamindaari (absentee landlord) system ?

    Banda Singh Bahadur

     

  236. What did Banda Singh Bahadur change the slogan of 'Sat Sri Akal' to ?

    He changed it to 'Fateh Darshan'

     

  237. When did Banda Singh Bahadur attack Sirhind, where the Nawab had ordered the live-burial of the younger Sahibzadas ?

    On May 2, 1710 A.D. (The battle was fought at Chhappar Chiri, 20 kms from Sarhind. Wazir Khan, Governor of Sirhind was killed in the battle.)

     

  238. What did Wazir Khan do, and who killed him ?

    Wazir Khaan ordered the murder of the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Fateh Singh killed him (in Battle of Chappar-Chiri).

     

  239. Name the Sikh who separated from Banda Singh.

    In October 1714, Binod Singh with his followers parted company with Banda Singh when they declared themselves as Tatt Khalsa (True Khalsa) as opposed to the Bandai Khalsa (of Banda Bahadur) .

     

  240. What did the Mughals do to Banda Singh Bahadur's 3 years old son, Ajai Singh, when Banda Singh refused to embrace Islam ?

    He was cut to pieces and his heart was put into Banda Singh Bahadur's mouth.

     

  241. Which Emperor taunted the captured Sikhs of Banda Singh Bahadur and infuriated one so much that he broke his chains in defiance ?

    Emperor Farukhsiyar

     

  242. What was the name of the Sikh who broke the chains around his hands and feet when Emperor Farukhsiyar taunted him and his fellow Sikhs ?

    Baaj Singh

     

  243. How many soldiers did Baaj Singh kill after breaking through the chains around his hands and feet ?

    He killed seven soldiers

     

  244. When was Banda Singh Bahadur martyred ?

    June 9, 1716 A.D.

     

  245. Whom did Guru Gobind Singh Ji appoint as the Head Granthi of the Golden Temple, Amritsar before becoming Joti Jot

    Bhai Mani Singh Ji

     

  246. Who brought the Bandai Khalsa and Tat Khalsa together and ended the dispute ?

    Bhai Mani Singh Ji

     

  247. In what year did Nadir Shah of Persia invade India ?

    1730 A.D.

     

  248. In the middle of the eighteenth century, an Afghan invader attacked Amritsar and destroyed Harmandir Sahib and filled up the tank. Name him.

    Ahmed Shah Abdaali

     

  249. On what conditions did Kapur Singh accept Nawabship, when a Jagir was offered to the Sikhs by the Lahore Governor in an attempt to buy peace with the Sikhs ?

    Under the conditions that (1) he should be permitted to continue to serve in Guru-ka-langar and (2) to look after the horses and (3) that five Sikhs should touch with sacred feet the Royal Command, both in order to reject it with contempt and also to sanctify it for acceptance

     

  250. What were the two divisions of the Dal Khalsa ?

    Buddha Dal (the army of the veterans) and Taruna Dal (the army of the young). The Buddha Dal was entrusted with the task of looking after the holy places, preaching the Gurus word and inducting converts into the Khalsa Panth by holding Baptismal ceremonies. The Taruna Dal was the more active division and its function was to fight in times of emergencies.

     

  251. Who led the Buddha Dal ?

    Nawab Kapoor Singh

     

  252. Who was the head of the Taruna Dal, stationed at Amritsar ?

    Charat Singh Sukarchakia

     

  253. Name the eleven Sikh Misls (regiments) before Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

     

    1. Ahluwalia (led by Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia)
    2. Bhangi (led by Sardar Hari Singh Bhangi.) Also called Dhillon Sardars.
    3. Dalewalia (led by Gulab Singh Dalewalia)
    4. Faizalpuria (led by Nawab Kapoor Singh Virk)
    5. Kanaihya (led by Jai Singh Kanaihya)
    6. Karor Singhia (led by Karora Singh Dhaliwal)
    7. Nakai (led by Hari Singh Nakai)
    8. Nishanwala (led by Dasaundha Singh)
    9. Ramgarhia (led by Nand Singh Sanghania)
    10. Sukerchakia (led by Nodh Singh.) Ranjit Singh's Misl.
    11. Shaheed (drew their name from Baba Deep Singh Ji Shaheed)

     

  254. What were these Misls collectively called ?

    Dal Khalsa

     

  255. What was the name of Ahmad Shah Abdaali's governor of Lahore ?

    Khwajah Abed Khaan

     

  256. Who was the general of Ahmad Shah Abdaali who was completely repulsed by the forces of Charat Singh Sukarchakia ?

    General Nur-ud-din Baamzai

     

  257. When did Ahmad Shah Abdaali leave Kaabul, after the third battle of Paanipat ?

    Spring of 1761

     

  258. How many elephants did Ahmad Shah Abdaali have ?

    28,000 elephants

     

  259. What caused Ahmad Shah's death in June 1773 ?

    The brick-bat that hit his nose during his desecration of Harmandar Sahib made a wound that turned cancerous and eventually caused his death

     

  260. What does Ghalughaara mean in English ?

    Holocaust

     

  261. In what year did the Chhota Ghalughaara (Lesser Holocaust) occur ?

    1746

     

  262. In the Chhota Ghalughaara, what were the names of the Nawab and the Hindu Diwaan who led the sudden Mughal attack on the Sikhs as they crossed the Raavi River ?

    Yahya Khaan and Lakhpat Rai (Lakhpat was Hindu Diwaan)

     

  263. On what date did the Wada Ghalughaara (Greater Holocaust) occur ?

    February 5, 1762

     

  264. In the Wada Ghalughaaraa, out of the 30,000 Sikhs, how many were massacred by the Mughal forces ?

    10,000 (mainly women and children)

     

  265. Who cut off the head of Jaspat Rai, after reaching him by climbing up the tail of his elephant ?

    Bhai Nirbhau Singh

     

  266. In what year and who did Nawab Kapur Singh appoint as the new Jathedar of the Khalsa Panth ?

    Jassa Singh Ahluwalia in 1753.

     

  267. How old was Jassa Singh Ahluwalia when his father died ?

    5 years old

     

  268. Who was entreated to take care of Jassa Singh Ahluwalia when his father died ?

    Mata Sundri Ji

     

  269. Who's personal supervision guided Jassa Singh Ahluwalia when he was a youth ?

    Nawab Kapur Singh

     

  270. Who laid the foundation stone of Harmandar Sahib when it was rebuilt by the Taruna Dal ?

    Jassa Singh Ahluwalia

     

  271. Name the Sikh warrior who was awarded the title Sultan-ul-Quam (King of the people) ?

    Jassa Singh Ahluwalia when he captured Lahore in 1761

     

  272. When did Jassa Singh Ahluwalia occupy Kapurthala ?

    In 1778, Jassa Singh occupied Kapurthala and assumed the title of king. He also issued coins.

     

  273. What was the name of the misal under the rule of Jassa Singh Ramgharia ?

    Ramgharia misal

     

  274. Whose forces did Jassa Singh Ramgharia join when appeals for conciliation with the Khalsa failed ?

    Adeena Beg's forces

     

  275. Where did Jassa Singh Ramgharia desert the royal army and join the Singhs ?

    Fort of Ram Rauni

     

  276. What was the name of the road that Bhai Bota Singh and Bhai Gurja Singh blocked and charged tolls to travellers using it?

    Grand Trunk Road

     

  277. How many horsemen were sent to arrest the two Sikhs who had blocked the road and were charging tolls to travellers using it ?

    100 horsemen

     

  278. What was the name of the Mughal who offered money to anyone bringing in the head of a Sikh to him ?

    Zakriya Khaan

     

  279. What was Massa Ranghar known to have done during the persecution of the Sikhs in Zakriya Khan's period ?

    Brought in cartloads of heads of Sikhs

     

  280. What did Massa Ranghar do when he was appointed the chief of Amritsar by the Mughal governor ?

    He occupied Golden Temple and banned Sikhs from visiting it. He made Golden Temple as his palace and dance hall where he watched dances by half naked woman. He also started abusing Hindus and Sikhs of Amritsar.

     

  281. Who were the two Sikhs who killed Massa Ranghar by cutting off his head ?

    Bhai Mehtab Singh and Bhai Sukha Singh

     

  282. Where did Mehtab Singh and Sukha Singh take the head of Massa Ranghar ?

    Budha Jorh

     

  283. Who was it that ordered the children and babies of imprisoned Sikh women to be speared alive, or cut up into pieces and made into necklaces to be put around the mother's neck ?

    Mir Mannu

     

  284. How many years did this slaughter of Sikh children go on for ?

    Four years (1750-1753)

     

  285. During the persecution of Sikhs by Mir Mannu what price was paid for the severed head of a Sikh ?

    Rs. 100

     

  286. During the persecution of Sikhs by Mir Mannu what happened if a person lost a horse in fighting a Sikh ?

    The government replaced it with another horse

     

  287. On what date did Mir Mannu finally die ?

    Nov. 2, 1753 A.D.

     

  288. Who was Shaabaaz Singh and how old was he ?

    Shaabaaz Singh was Subeg Singh's son and he was 15 years old

     

  289. What city did Sardar Baghel Singh occupy in the year 1790 ?

    Delhi

     

  290. Who did Sardar Baghel Singh's forces defeat in order to capture Delhi ?

    Shah Alam II

     

  291. How large a force did Sardar Baghel Singh leave at Delhi ?

    30,000 men

     

  292. What is the place in Delhi known as, where Sardar Baghel Singh stationed 30,000 of his troops ?

    Tees Hazari (The Place of 30,000)

     

  293. Which great Sikh Saint Soldier had vowed to die in the precincts of the Golden Temple ?

    Baba Deep Singh (On the outskirts of Amritsar Baba Deep Singh and the heavily outnumbered Sikhs fought two fierce battles against a mughal force of 20,000. In the second engagement Baba Deep Singh was fatally wounded in the neck but had vowed to die in the precincts of the Golden Temple. Although mortally wounded Baba Deep Singh was able to continue fighting until he was able to make his way to the Sacred Pool of the Golden Temple where he finally passed away.)

     

  294. What was Baba Deep Singh doing at the time when Ahmad Shah Abdaali attacked and plundered the city of Amritsar ?

    Baba Deep Singh was making a copy of the Adi Granth at Damdama Sahib

     

  295. When and where was Maharaja Ranjit Singh born ?

    Nov. 13, 1780 at Gujranwala

     

  296. What was Maharaja Ranjit Singh's father's name ?

    Mahan Singh (son of Sardar Charat Singh)

     

  297. What was Maharaja Ranjit Singh's mother's name ?

    Raj Kaur

     

  298. What was Maharaja Ranjit Singh's mother-in-law's name who played an important part in his life ?

    Sardarni Sada Kaur (she is believed to be the ladder by which Ranjit Singh reached the climax of his power)

     

  299. Who was the first wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh ?

    Mehtab Kaur of Kanhaiya misal

     

  300. Who was entitled 'Sher-e-Punjab' (Lion of Punjab) ?

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh

     

  301. For how many years did Maharaja Ranjit Singh rule for ?

    40 Years

     

  302. Who entered the annals of history as a warrior in line with Alexander and Napolean ?

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh

     

  303. What diamond did Maharaja Ranjit Singh wear on his arm ?

    Kohinoor diamond

     

  304. Where was the first great victory of Maharaja Ranjit Singh against the Afghans ?

    Attock

     

  305. At Multaan, what famous gun was used by the troops of Maharaja Ranjit Singh ?

    Jamjama Top (gun)

     

  306. When did Maharaja Ranjit Singh occupy throne in Lahore ?

    In 1799 A.D.

     

  307. When did Maharaja Ranjit Singh annex Amritsar ?

    In 1802 A.D.

     

  308. When did Maharaja Ranjit Singh annex Multan, Kashmir, Peshawar, and Bannu ?

    He annexed Multan in 1818 A.D., Kashmir in 1819 A.D., and Peshawar and Bannu in 1823 A.D.

     

  309. In which year did Ranjit Singh declare himself the Maharaja of Punjab ?

    1801 A.D.

     

  310. What was the name of the commemorative coin issued on this auspicious occasion ?

    Nanakshahi Rupee

     

  311. How long did the Sarkar Khalsa rule Punjab for ?

    50 years (1799-1849 A.D.)

     

  312. What was the name of the wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh who gave birth to Kharak Singh in 1802 ?

    Rani Raj Kaur, daughter of Nakai Sardar Khazan Singh

     

  313. Name the sons of Ranjit Singh ?

    Nau Nihal Singh, Sher Singh, Dilip Singh, and Kharak Singh (son of Rani Raj Kaur).

     

  314. Who killed Kharak Singh ?

    The Dogras

     

  315. When did Maharaja Ranjit Singh die ?

    June 27, 1839

     

  316. What does "Haria Raghle" mean ?

    Hari Singh has come

     

  317. Why was Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa given the last name "Nalwa" by Maharaja Ranjit Singh ?

    Because he slayed a lion (tiger) with a sword while on a hunting expedition with Maharaja Ranjit Singh, thus saving both his life and the Maharaja's

     

  318. Which famous Gurdwara did Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa build ?

    Gurdwara Panja Sahib

     

  319. What fortress of great military importance did Hari Singh Nalwa capture ?

    Fortress at Jamrud

     

  320. What is the literal meaning of the word 'Nihang' ?

    'Nihang' is derived from persian which means 'crocodile'.

     

  321. Who caused the Ghazis to say, "Toba Toba, Khuda Khud, Khalsa Shud!" ?

    Akali Phula Singh

     

  322. In which year was Akali Phula Singh made Jathedar of Akal Takht ?

    1807

     

  323. As Jathedar of Akal Takht, what did Akali Phula Singh do to Maharaja Ranjit Singh ?

    When Ranjit Singh married a Muslim woman, named Moran of Lahore, Akali Phula Singh, as the Jathedar of Akal Takth declared that Maharaja Ranjit Singh is not a Sikh anymore and is a 'Tankhaiya' which means out of Sikhism. He ordered the defendant to be at Golden temple before the community. Ranjit Singh came and admitted that he had made a mistake. Akali Phula Singh ordered 50 lashes for Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Ranjit Singh bowed down to receive his punishment. Panj Pyaras were gratified at the submission of the Maharaja and took a lenient view and accepted a fine of Rs. 1,25,000 from the Maharaja.

     

  324. Across the river Kabul, there is a tomb (Samaadhi) that still stands as a witness to a warrior's undying chivalry. Who was this warrior ?

    Akali Phula Singh

     

  325. When was the First Anglo-Sikh war fought ?

    1845-46 A.D.

     

  326. When was the Second Anglo-Sikh war fought ?

    1848-49 A.D.

     

  327. Who started the Nirankari Movement ?

    Baba Dyal founded the Nirankari Darbar at Rawalpindi in 1851 A.D. and gave this body the form of a sect.

     

  328. What does Nirankar mean ?

    The Formless One

     

  329. Who started the Namdhari Movement (also known as Kuka Movement) ?

    The founder was Bhai Balak Singh but his follower Baba Ram Singh Namdhari gave it a more positive orientation.

     

  330. Why did the Sikh Sangat of Panja Sahib want to stop the train passing through the Panja Sahib railway station ?

    To feed the Akali prisoners from Guru-ka-Baagh, who had not been given any food by the British authorities

     

  331. Who were the two Sikhs who were crushed to death under the train at Panja Sahib ?

    Partaap Singh and Karam Singh

     

  332. At Guru-ka-Baagh, what was the name of the British official who ordered the merciless beating of non-violent, protesting Akalis ?

    S.G.M. Beatty

     

  333. At Guru-ka-Baagh, how many Akalis ended up in the hospital as a result of the merciless beatings given by the British ?

    904 hospitalized

     

  334. What was the name of the Udaasi Mahant who lodged the complaint that the Akalis were cutting timber from Gurdwara land ?

    Sundar Das

     

  335. When did the massacre at Jallianwaala Baagh occur ?

    April 13, 1919 A.D.

     

  336. Who ordered his troops to fire on the unarmed men, women and children assembled at Jallianwaala Baagh ?

    General Dyer

     

  337. How many people were massacred at Jallianwaala Baagh ?

    309 Sikhs killed at Jallianwaala Baagh

     

  338. Why did Udham Singh assassinate Sir Michael O'Dwyer ?

    Sir Michael O'Dwyer used to be the Lt. Governor of Punjab who had approved General Dyer's actions at Jallianwaala Baagh

     

  339. The massacre at Jallianwaala occurred as a result of a violation of a set of laws passed by the British Government in India. What was the set of laws called and why were they passed ?

    The Rowlatt Act - intended to combat revolutionary struggle for freedom

     

  340. Who was elected the new president of the S.G.P.C. (Shiromani Gurdwara Parbhandak Committee) in 1921 ?

    Baba Kharak Singh

     

  341. In the "Keys Affair", on what date were the keys returned to the S.G.P.C. ?

    January 19, 1922

     

  342. Who described the return of the keys to the Golden Temple treasury to Baba Kharak Singh as the "first decisive battle won" ?

    M.K. Gandhi

     

  343. Who is regarded as Bhai Gurdas of 20th century ?

    Bhai Vir Singh Ji

     

  344. What are the most important works of Bhai Vir Singh Ji ?

     

    1. Guru Nanak Chamatkar
    2. Kalgidhar Chamatkar
    3. Baba Nodh Singh
    4. Merey Saeeyan Jeeo

     

  345. What title was Bhai Vir Singh Ji given by the Government of India ?

    Padam Shiri

     

  346. Bhai Vir Singh Ji was a reputed novelist too. Name some of his important works.

     

    1. Sundari
    2. Bijay Singh
    3. Satwant Kaur

     

  347. In which year did the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee (S.G.P.C.) accorded their acceptance of the present form of the Sikh Rehat Maryada (Sikh Code of Conduct) ?

    By their resolution No. 14 of 12th October, 1936. (The S.G.P.C.'s Advisory Committee on Religious Matters again considered the draft in its meeting on 7th January, 1945 and made recommendations for certain additions to and deletions from it.)

     

  348. Guru Granth Sahib contains the compositions of how many Bhagats ? Name them.

    Fifteen Bhagats. They are :

    1. Jai Dev
    2. Nam Dev
    3. Trilochan
    4. Parmanand
    5. Sadna
    6. Ramanand
    7. Beni
    8. Dhanna
    9. Pipa
    10. Sain
    11. Kabir
    12. Ravidas
    13. Farid
    14. Surdas
    15. Bhikhan

     

  349. Which Bhagat has contributed the highest number of hymns in Guru Granth Sahib ?

    Bhagat Kabir Ji (541 hymns out of a total of 922 by 15 bhagats)

     

  350. In what year was Kabir Das Ji born ?

    1398 A.D.

     

  351. What caste did Kabir Ji belong to ?

    Julaha

     

  352. What was the hereditary occupation of Kabir Ji ?

    Weaving

     

  353. Who was Kabir's Guru (teacher) ?

    Swami Ramanand

     

  354. Name the two collections of Kabir Ji's works ?

    Kabir Granthavali and Bijak

     

  355. When was Farid Ji born ?

    1173 A.D.

     

  356. Guru Granth Sahib contains the compositions of how many 'Bhatta's ? Name them.

    Eleven Bhattas. They are :

    1. Mathra
    2. Jalap
    3. Harbans
    4. Bal
    5. Sal
    6. Bhal
    7. Kulh Sahar
    8. Nal
    9. Kirat
    10. Gayand
    11. Bhikha

     

  357. What are 'Chaupadas' ?

    Hymns of four verses.

     

  358. What are 'Ashtapadas' ?

    Hymns of eight verses.

     

  359. How many cantos (Ashtapadas) are contained in Sukhmani Sahib ?

    24 (Twenty Four)

     

  360. According to the index of Ragas and Ragmala, what is the total number of Ragas and Raginis ?

    84 (Eighty Four)

     

  361. How many has the Guru used ?

    31 (Thirty One), the first being Sri Raag and the last Jaijavanti.

     

  362. Name these 31 Ragas

     

    1. Sriraag
    2. Majh
    3. Gauri
    4. Aasa
    5. Gujri
    6. Devgandhari
    7. Bihagarha
    8. Vadhans
    9. Sorath
    10. Dhanasari
    11. Jaitsari
    12. Todi
    13. Baerari
    14. Tilang
    15. Suhi
    16. Bilawal
    17. Gond
    18. Ramkali
    19. Nat Narayan
    20. Mali Gourha
    21. Maru
    22. Tukhari
    23. Kedara
    24. Bhairou
    25. Basant
    26. Sarang
    27. Malar
    28. Kanrha
    29. Kalyan
    30. Prabhati
    31. Jaijavanti

     

  363. What are the contents of 'Dasham Granth' ?

     

    1. Jaap Sahib
    2. Bichitra Natak
    3. Akal Ustat (includes the 10 sawaye of the daily Sikh prayer)
    4. Shabad Hazare
    5. Sawaya Tatees
    6. Zaffarnama
    7. Chandi Charitra
    8. Gian Parbodh
    9. Chaubis Avtaar
    10. Shastra Nam mala
    11. Hikayat
    12. Charitropakhyan

 

 

 
 

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